Common Pigeon Diseases and Treatment

Pigeon Health

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Common Pigeon Diseases

Pigeons are surprisingly popular pets. Along with doves, these are short legs with strong bodies that can be found almost anywhere in the world, both in nature and in our homes.

As pets, we take care of all their needs, including treating many common illnesses they can catch. These illnesses can cause a variety of symptoms, including breathing problems, diarrhea, and even death.

Common diseases of pigeons

  • Canker
  • Lice
  • Flies
  • Coccidia
  • Worms
  • Hexamita
  • Mites
  • Chlamydia
  • Respiratory Infections
  • Mycoplasma

Pigeon Canker

Canker is caused by a small organism called a protozoan and generally causes respiratory problems.1 It is a disease that is easily transmitted from one bird to another, but fortunately cannot survive outside of them.

Bird for more than a few minutes. Pigeons transmit cancer to other pigeons when they share bowls of water, wait for more adult pigeons, and feed the young pigeons the collected milk.

The organism causing the ulcer is most often found in the crop, throat, bile duct, bile duct, throat, or other parts of the digestive tract of the pigeon.

Canker bulbs can also be found in the navel of the breeding pigeon or in the breast of the pigeon. Canker symptoms will vary depending on where it is in the body.

However, as it most often affects the neck, most pigeons have difficulty breathing due to lumps on the tonsils. Other symptoms of an ulcer, in addition to noticeable lumps and breathing problems, include diarrhea, weight loss, lethargy, and bleeding from the mouth and vent. If the disease is not treated, symptoms get worse and the ulcer can lead to death.

Pancreatic lesions resemble other types of infection (such as an abscess), but the ulcer only affects parts of the pigeon's body that are attached to or near the digestive tract. This means that the damage to the wing certainly wouldn't be a gastric ulcer.

The organism can also be seen in stool under a microscope. If your pigeon has a canker, it can be treated with medications prescribed by your vet. Every now and then, your vet will need to surgically remove a lump.

Pigeon worms

Like many other animal species, pigeons can carry different types of worms in their digestive tract. Pinworms, tapeworms, and hairy pigeons grow and live in the digestive tract of pigeons and can cause diarrhea, weakness, increased susceptibility to other diseases, and performance problems in racing pigeons.

Worms can sometimes be seen through pigeon droppings, but often their eggs can be found on microscopic examination of pigeon droppings.

Pigeons become infected with worms by eating insects and swallowing infected droppings from other birds. Therefore, it can be very difficult to prevent a pigeon from catching worms.

A regular microscopic examination of pigeon droppings is recommended to detect these parasites. Treatment includes drugs that can be added to the water like any other drug for pigeons.

Pigeons Coccidia

Like worms, coccidia is an intestinal protozoan found in pigeons and other animals that causes diarrhea, loss of nutrient absorption, weakness, lethargy, and weight loss.

Coccidia is easily transmitted from one pigeon to another when they ingest contaminated feces and are often found in small amounts that are acceptable to most pigeons.

When a pigeon behaves normally and a small number of coccidia are detected, they are often left untreated.

Coccidia is a microscopic organism, so it cannot be seen without a microscope. Therefore, it is recommended that a veterinarian check the feces regularly to ensure that your pigeon does not have too many coccidia's.

Although small amounts of protozoa are acceptable, medications should be given if your pigeon exhibits coccidia and loose stools (the most common indication of coccidia) or other symptoms.

Pigeon Hexamita

This organism is very similar to the protozoa responsible for canker in pigeons and is also found in the digestive tract of the pigeon. Fortunately, Hexamite is not as harmful as cancer to most pigeons, but the treatment of the bird in which it has been diagnosed is still recommended.

The organism is found in stool under a microscope and is often mistaken for an ulcer due to its similar appearance. It can cause diarrhea if it becomes overcrowded in a pigeon's digestive tract, but it generally goes unnoticed in normal pigeons.

Lice, mites, and pigeon flies

External parasites like lice, mites, and flies are a real problem for your pet pigeon. These pesky pests not only bite and irritate your pigeon, but they can also cause more serious damage.

The scaly appearance of the featherless parts of pigeons, the small holes in their feathers, and the itching of the birds are all signs of external parasites. Medicinal sprays are generally used on the infected pigeon depending on the type of parasite.

Respiratory infections in pigeons.

Aside from cancer, respiratory infections are perhaps the most terrifying type of problem pigeon owners face. Respiratory infections are extremely contagious. Stressed birds, old and young, are the most susceptible to infection.

Respiratory infections make it difficult for the bird to breathe and fly, making it less active and competing pigeons do worse. If a pigeon with a respiratory infection is not treated, it will have its mouth open, it will increase its respiratory effort, it will sit with its eyes closed, it will not eat and it will eventually die.

There are many factors that can cause respiratory infections in pigeons, including fungi, viruses, bacteria, and mites. Infections can affect the lungs, alveoli, sinuses, and other parts of the airways.

There may be a visible discharge from the nostrils, mouth, or choana, or you can hear the pigeon sneeze and/or cough when it has a respiratory infection.

Aggressive treatments, including environmental cleaning, treating underlying parasites that may have predisposed your pigeon to disease, determining the cause of the infection, and treating your pigeon are important in eradicating respiratory infections.

Pigeon Chlamydia 

Pigeons have many strains of chlamydia and some birds show no symptoms. However, if your pigeon is stressed, the virus can get worse.

Medicines to treat the virus can be given to birds that show symptoms of chlamydia, but there is no cure for the disease. Virus-induced respiratory infections are a real problem in chlamydial pigeons.

For this reason, they are usually treated symptomatically to ensure that their environment is perfect (prevention of humidity, sudden changes in temperature, etc.).

Pigeon mycoplasma

Mycoplasma, which is also the cause of respiratory infections, can infect the respiratory tracts of pigeons. The symptoms of mycoplasma infection are the same as those of chlamydia and other respiratory infections.

Depending on which part of the airway is infected, discharge, coughing, sneezing, and other symptoms can occur.

Again, stress is the main reason that pigeons show symptoms of mycoplasma. Therefore, maintaining a clean, stress-free, and ideal environment for your pigeon is critical to keeping it healthy.

Enjoy This Video Tutorials about Pigeon Health

Source: Adam Archer Pigeons

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Common Pigeon Diseases and Treatment

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